Tractor.com, in partnership with ATV.com, has been working on a series of articles about how and why ATVs and UTVs can be useful tools for farmers and landowners. In the first article, we looked at what these versatile machines could do to help ease your workload. In the second installment we looked at the pros and cons of choosing between an ATV and UTV. Part three of the series looked at some of the implements and attachments available to help get the job done around your property. This week, drum roll and all, we’ll discuss specifications and get down to the nitty gritty of helping you chose which four-wheeler is right for your needs.
Since we’re focusing more on vehicles used for work and less on sport where top speed and all-out performance are desired, the first area to look at is weight. In the case of a sport machine you want the highest horsepower to weight ratio but in the case of a work vehicle where towing and cargo capacity get the job done, light weight isn’t to your benefit. ATVs have the best horsepower to weight ratios where you can see 750cc or larger engines powering machines with less than 700-pound curb weights. UTVs can have similar sized powerplants, but curb weights will generally range from 1,000 to over 1,700 lbs.
Size influences a raft of things ranging from how maneuverable the machine will be in tight quarters to how many can fit on a trailer. Trailers today are limited by law to 120” in width. If a machine exceeds 120”, positioning it sideways on a trailer will not be an option. ATVs will have smaller footprints than UTVs, so if size is a top requirement, an ATV may be your best choice. And depending on the conditions you plan to use the ATV or UTV, ground clearance may be another specification you need to pay attention to.
If you only need to transport yourself and a weedwacker or chainsaw, most any ATV will fit your needs with rack capacities around 100 lbs in the front and 200 lbs in the rear. UTVs can carry much more, with bed capacities ranging from 200 lbs to over 1000 lbs. Some can even be equipped with electro-hydraulic dump. But don’t get too hung up on this feature; even if the model you select doesn’t have a power dump option, aftermarket kits are readily available.
Towing capacity can be pretty close on ATVs and UTVs, but there are several things to look for. What is the size of the receiver? Is it 1-1/4” or 2” and does that make a difference to you? If you want to share hitches with other vehicles such as your truck, it just might. Another thing to look for is if the ATV or UTV comes with hitches in the front and rear. A rear hitch is universal, but if you’ve never used a front hitch to place a trailer in a tight spot, you don’t what you’ve been missing. All that’s required is to drive straight into the desired spot – no backing the opposite direction of the trailer and no figuring if the tow vehicle will clear obstructions while doing so.
You might say ATVs have the most space. Other than having to straddle the machine, the sky is the limit. But if you need to get on and off frequently, swinging a leg over the seat and frame can get tiresome. UTVs don’t have this to deal with, but leg room on some can be tight.
When you test drive an ATV or UTV, pay attention to the ergonomics. While none of the machines we’ve driven have poor ergonomics, some certainly have better designs than others. The position of the steering wheel (or handlebars), location of controls or buttons for transmission gear selection, brakes, and 2WD/4WD actuation are all important and things you will need to live with ostensibly for a long time. Ask yourself: does this vehicle feel comfortable to you? If not, spend a little time with another manufacturer’s machine. Electric Power Steering (EPS) is available on most machines and can make for less operator fatigue. And seats are not all the same, so pay attention to this area as well.
Electronics and Other Niceties
Digital instrumentation is the craze today and many of these vehicles have standard or optional packages that can give the operator ground speed, engine rpm, coolant temperature, fuel level, maintenance indicators and other information at a glance. For UTVs we’re big fans of beds with removable sides and tailgates which give the owner the flexibility of switching between flatbed and bed configurations. 12V outlets for your iPhone or other mobile device player are nice to have, as well as gloveboxes and other protected places for you to store your gear.
For ATV operators there is no substitute for a helmet. For prospective UTV purchasers, make sure the safety cage or occupant protection system (OPS) is SAE, ANSI and OSHA certified and that it is equipped with seatbelts. Side doors, screens and even full cab enclosures – especially nice if you plan to do some winter plowing – are other areas to consider.
Which Four-Wheeler is Right For You?
It comes down to your budget, the available space you have for operating and storage, the need for passenger space or not, towing and cargo capacity, and what implements/attachments/accessories will help get those chores done. We just hope our series has got you thinking about what features, specs and capabilities are the most important.
Where To Find Your ATV or UTV
As you might expect, there are no shortage of options for where you can buy an ATV or UTV to suit your needs.
One option is your local tractor dealer. Many tractor brands, including John Deere, Kubota and Mahindra, have their own line of off-road vehicles. But just like tractors, buying new requires more of a financial commitment.
If you don’t need a brand new machine and aren’t too concerned with a manufacturer warranty, buying a used ATV or UTV is a great option. The ATV.com “ATVs For Sale” section is a good place to find some great deals. You can search by brand or location.
If you do find the ATV or UTV you need in the classifieds, we’d suggest doing so only if it’s located within a few hours of your home. This way you can see the vehicle in person before you hand over your money. Just like with tractors, buying a used ATV puts the onus on the buyer to make sure the vehicle is in good working condition and hasn’t been run ragged.
And when you get that right four-wheeler and start chipping away at those tasks that seem to pile up, don’t forget these vehicles are a lot of fun, too. That could mean a little trail ride or a weekend off-road camping trip. Confucius said, “Choose a job you love and you’ll never have to work a day in your life.” In that vein, when you pick that “right” ATV or UTV, don’t be surprised if you find those tasks are no longer work after all.